英语口语畅谈世界文化之中国16 The Great wall长城

发稿日期:04-13 作者: 来源: 分享:

  英语口语畅谈世界文化

  之中国16:The Great wall 长城

  T: Tourist L: Local

  T:游客 L:当地人

  T: Hi, do you speak English?

  T:你好,你会讲英语吗?

  L: Yes, I do! What can I do to help you?

  L:是的,我会!要我帮什么忙吗?

  T: Well. I know very little about the Great Wall. Do you know anything about its history?

  T:是这样,我对长城了解很少。你知道它的历史吗?

  L: Of course !

  L:当然知道!

  T:. Could you tell me when it was built?

  T:太好了。你能告诉我长城是什么时候建起来的吗?

  L: It has a history of more than 2, 000 years, in the dynasties of Qin. Han and Ming

  L:长城有2000爹年的历史,建于秦朝、汉朝和明朝’。

  T: 2,000 years ! That's a long time !

  T: 2000年!那历史很长了!

  L: Yes. Some civilisations have long histories , especially China.

  L:确实是这样,有些文明的历史非常悠久,尤其是中国。

  T: OK, how long is it exactly?

  T:好的,长城究竟有多长?

  L:It's 6,700 kilometres long. But, unfortunately some sections are in ruins or lost forever. It stretches across deserts, grasslands, mountains and plateaus.

  L:有6700公里。但令人遗憾的是,有些地方已经成了废墟或永远不能修复了。长城绵延万单,穿过了无数的沙漠、草地、大山和平原。

  T: It sounds amazing. Where can I see an untouched area? I mean, an area where not so many tourists go.

  T:听起来很壮观。去哪儿能看到保存完好的长城?我是说游客比较少的地方。

  L: You could go to Simatai. That area is pretty untouched, with few tourists But I think the best place to view the Great Wall is here at Badaling because we have a museum here.

  L:你可以去司马台,那个地方保存得很好,游客也很少。不过我认为游览长城最好的地方是这里——八达岭,因为这儿有博物馆。

  T: Do you know who built the wall?

  T:那你知道是谁修建的长城吗?

  L: It was a team effort of soldiers, prisoners and locals. We believe it shows the tenacity of the Chinese people.

  L:这是士兵、犯人和当地人共同努力修建的。我们认为长城反映了中国人民不屈不挠的精神。

  T: Before, you mentioned that the wall was built during many dynasties. Which dynasty does the part we can see now come from?

  T:你前面提到,长城的修建历经了很多朝代,那我们现在看到的长城是哪个朝代建的?

  L: Most of the wall we call see today comes from the Ming dynasty. It's a shame, but nowadays only 30% of the wall is in good condition. But, the Ming dynasty part is still very long. It goes from Shanhaiguan Pass in the east to Jiayuguan Pass in the west. It passes through Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia,Shaanxi and Gansu.

  L:我们今天看到的城墙大部分是明朝建的。说来惭愧,现在只有30%的城墙还保存完好。不过,明长城还足很长的,从东面的山海关一直到西面的嘉峪关,经过了辽宁、河北、北京、天津、山两、内蒙古、宁夏、陕西和甘肃。

  T: Wow! I didn't realise it ran that far. I'd love to see another section.

  T:哇!我不知道长城绵延那么长。我很想再去看看其它部分。

  L: As I said before, you could try Simatai. But it's quite difficult to get to,110 kilometres north east of Beijing. But I can help you to find a way to get there.

  L:我刚才说过,你可以去司马台看看。但是去那个地方不太容易,它在北京的东北方向1 10公里的地有。不过我能帮你找到去那里的路线。

  T: Thank you so much. You have taught me so much already, but I can't to find out more.

  T:太谢谢你了。你今天已经教了我不少东西,可是我非常想再多了解一些。

  【单词词组讲解】

  lost forever永远不能修复

  untouched area保存完好的地方

  team effort共同努力

  go from…从……开始

  run that far延伸那么长

  stretch across 跨过

  pretty untouched保存很好

  in good condition保存完好

  pass through经过

  can try可以试试

  【背景介绍】

  长城:长城的兴修始于战固时期.作为一种军事防御工程.长城在当时能有救地防止北方游效民族骑兵闪电式的袭击。秦统一六囤后.为防止匈奴南进,又将泰、赵,燕三圆长城连接起皋,筑起了西起临洮.东至辽东碣石,长达一万多里的长城。据记载,秦始皇使用了近百万的青壮劳力修筑长城,占全国人口的1/2.当时没有任何机械,除用牲畜运砖土外.全部劳动都得靠人力。而工作环境又是崇山峻岭。长城的工程蚤,以明长城为俐,若将其砖土筑成一道厚11米、高5米的大墙,可环绕地球一周有余。


  

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